Kayla Bone

Film Blogger



What is documentary you may ask? After researching into this topic i have constructed what i believe documentary is for myself. In order to form an educated opinion watching “Capturing Reality; The Art of Documentary.” The film explores the creative process with 33 leading documentary filmmakers  involved to explain their take on documentary combined with interviews and extracts from over 50 different films.

Within the film it spoke to the filmmakers asking there definition of documentary. A couple of them stood out to me influencing me to form my opinion such as firstly, Jennifer Fox who is an american producer and director in films such as; An American Love Story and Flying; Confessions of a free Woman. She explained it as its about  the joy of letting something effect you and respond, weather its with your camera or yourself as a person if your the interviewer, its like relating in a space like dancing.

Her alliteration to dancing is how i found i related to her explanation. As just like when dancing you have to feel the space its like having the camera and feeling the story letting you respond through the lens.

The second filmmaker which quote stood out was Errol Morris who is an american director and is best know for he’s work on “The Thin Blue Line.”

he spoke about that the parts he likes of documentary is that it can be anything. However the parts he doesn’t like is that being constantly being told that it only has to be one thing rather than a whole multi of possible things. This point he brought up stood out to me because if you look into documentary it can be a wide variety of things from fiction to non fiction and crosses from all genres.

Moving passed from the movie the idea of documentary to be defined as something which can be created as anything and that you need to be able to feel the emotion and show the respondence.


An example of an filmmaker which shows similar views is Stephen Fry in his documentary which explores the disease of manic depression. This shows real emotions and captures the reactions of their emotion journey (Fry,2008). If you look into this filmmakers career he has worked on a wide variety of production and has an Television series called ‘Out there’ which  is an documentary about homophobia. This is completely on a different scale compared to first documentary showing how you can create it on anything.


From the book ‘Introduction to Documentary’ written by Bill Nichols  it talks about how documentary now has become ” the flagship of cinema of social engagement an distinctive vision” and now can be outputted onto various platforms on the internet to sites like youtube and Facebook (Nichols, 2010)  Along with supporting the idea of being anything it also backs up the ideas when he talks about documentary embracing new forms and tacking out fresh topics. Both these points from the book supports the central idea of what Documentary is.


Capturing Reality: The Art of Documentary. (2008). Canada.

Capturing Reality: The Art of Documentary. (2017). National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from

Flying: Confessions of a Free Woman. (2006). United States.

Fry, S. (2008). Stephen Fry: The Secret Life of the Manic Depressive. Top Documentary Films. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from

Nichols, B. (2010). Introduction to documentary (2nd ed., pp. 3-4). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

The Thin Blue Line. (1988). United States.

ABC- United Brothers


a) What was the most difficult part in the creative process and why? 

The hardest part in creative process was firstly the change of team mates and having to take charge with the project. Many parts of the process was hard starting of was thinking of an idea based on the topic of blood starting  with the letter “U.” After we moved passed that issue another arise when filming as we expected it to be dark from a expected time we had to push the time back and as the lighting plan was with the night we couldn’t beginning setting up.However before this we found it difficult to find actors and once we got one he dropped out as he got sick. So last minute had to scout for actors however moved passed this by having to use friends instead of actors. Last part which i found difficult was two things as the setting was at night we didn’t want to use such bright lights. This resulting in when it came to editing it was too dark and had to raise the brightness, However this resulted in it being graining and not as clear. By not having clear picture it draws away from what is shown on screen as you cant see all the details shot. This was by far the biggest struggle in the project but have now learnt from this mistake. Which is it is easier to darken rather than raise the light i will follow this tip on with me so i don’t repeat my mistakes.


b) What is the relationship between your initial vision and the final production? 

First thought for this abc project after receiving the letter “U” was uterus which would of gone down comedy film path but changed as we wanted to do something more dramatic. We changed to the word ” United” and came up by the theme of blood brothers as they are united by there blood. The story started with ideas of a society  type thing leading onto a cult but stopped with just being really close mates from a young age and once one was injured the fellow brother cut his hand to be in the same pain as he now blood brother. So the plan for the film was to show cut of two brothers leaving a house and one tripping over and as the other brother leads he turns around to see his brother on the floor and has to face wether he risk getting caught from the cops or save his brother it was suppose to cut to a flash back of two kids and one falling over and the other hurting himself as well so they can both be in pain and shake on there blood. This then cuts to him saving him as he a blood brother and will go back to get him. But as we had kid issues and weren’t able to find anyone to act we had to cut this part out of the film and work with the story. In the end it turned out okay but have changed lots along the way some for good but some not so good.

c) Critically analyse the strengths and weaknesses of your concept (200 words)

This film defiantly has its pros and cons as we had ups and down and the weakness do over weight. Looking into the concept side first. Firstly, the theme of the abc was blood and do agree blood brothers is a bit of stretch from the idea as you don’t exactly see any blood so thats the first issue from the start. Next was the idea of having blood brothers and why and how the two connect. Yes there is a backstory but isn’t exactly displayed strong on screen of the connect until the line ” Never leave a blood brother behind”. There is small positive which show this along the way like the fist pump before going in, the head nod and how close the two are in the shots. After the line its clear as he comes back helps him and and leaves but do believe that it is a strengths in some points but weak in other points. The idea is a good concept if i could of executed with the children and re worked and tweak some parts.  The strength of this film was i believe the idea was different than lots of people as it didn’t have physical blood but didn’t turn out to my vision originally planned .

d) Critically analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the execution of your project (200 words).

Now moving on from the concept to the execution of the project. I believe this is the biggest weakness. First point is lighting as were both new to lighting and as it was outside we were limited to only portable ones. On the screen we didn’t want it to look to forced as it was suppose to be a night scene. As we didn’t hire a swit monitor the little screen didn’t show true quality. This turned into a issue when later we didn’t realize how dark all the footage was and had to raise the brightness causing lot of grain and noise. Without doing this we would of seen basically a black screen. By doing this is distracts and downgrade the quality of the production as one it looks student like and cant see the details. Moving passed this the camera angles could of been more variety with possible steady cam shots and inclusion of more tracking shots if re- done. Last point which i believe could of been executed better is the edit, as i am not as experienced in editing with more practice i believe that it could help the overall film if cut effectively. If re edited i would include security camera colour grade along with the inclusion of timers and dates in the corners etc.

Here is the link to the clip;

What Makes A Great Pitch?

What makes a successful film?

Some essential things for each pitch are;

Marilyn Horowitz says 3 tricks, first is when telling your story  tell your “hook” first. As if you don’t hook an audience in first they wont stay to listen to the rest of the pitch no matter how good it is.

Second tmarilyn-horowitzip, Have more than one pitch ready. By having options if a producers doesn’t like your first story you have a back up along with they will commend that you aren’t a “one trick ponies.”

Last tip he explains was be yourself when pitching as if your acting like a crazy car salesmen talking 100 miles per hour they wont be able to follow or see your passion for the story.

After looking into this further i found few other essential things need to be included.

One you need to have a clear target audience for who you are writing for along with how you plan on marketing it such as advertising.This leads me on to my second point of how do you plan on advertising it to make it stand out from the competitions. As so many people will have similar stories but what element do you plan on highlighting to sell it to audiences. Third point is making sure you have a good team in place to get you to your goals, this is because if you have a team who is passionate and dedicated you are more likely  yo reach set goals and milestones. Fourth, to ensure your hook is good to draw them in within 10-30 seconds have a good actor, producer or director which would get them on board.

Screen Shot 2016-12-16 at 1.51.55 pm.png

In class when doing pitches for our short film i believe the most successful pitch was ‘Scatter Memories’ by Mauren. I think the reason why her pitch turned out successful is the high quality execution when presenting. Looking further into this to break down why she started off with a clear idea from the beginning with passion to make it. She followed lots of the tips and tricks for instance; when presenting she remanded calm and focused allowing audience members to stay intrigued. Secondly she already had thought into little details such as photos which would be shown in the film, a draft script ready made which if anyone was interested could look into. another element she had was how she was marking it she had rough idea of posters, along with the story being very different from competitor pitching stories as most peoples were modern comedies hers was a era drama piece.  As a visual element her powerpoint maintain a good simplistic theme and had photos which makes audience be able to have a clear vision of what she wants to pitch. Her template was mostly a picture on the side and information on the left. Along with when explaining each point of set, props, costuming etc she had detailed moodboards of what she already has or what she plans on buying. Last point is she had a catchy one line pitch ” A young woman discovers her grandmother’s Past.” (Maureen Legara)  This is yet another essential element for a good pitch which she had contained within her presentation to get audience to hop on board with her film.

Screen Shot 2016-12-16 at 2.09.04 pm.png

Moving onto my pitch. I pitch a story called Scarbull which is ” When the weak cry’s for help, Alexander protects them.” The story discussed about a girl who got into a coma and has a second chance to live so helps the bullied out as she was scared from her passed. However overall my pitch fell flat. It did have a few positives but the negatives tipped the scale. Diving into the negatives first is the visual element my slide show was pretty basic with picture but nothing original , along with the colour scheme was red and orange cause of blood but however was very visually appearing. Another little issue was my story had a few flaws which needed to be ironed out along with no script pre written. Moving onto more positives i had a good one-line with some story points which would be successful if i re-worked them. elements which i had from the tricks i spoke before was one being myself i believe we spoke calm and focus along with a relative good title and one line to draw audiences in.


Horowitz, M. (2016). 3 Secrets of Pitching Your Screenplay. Retrieved 15 December 2016, from

parsons, n. (2016). 7 Keys to a Great Pitch. Script Magazine. Retrieved 15 December 2016, from

Schultz, B. (2016). The Elevator Pitch Part 1 | ScriptFest. Retrieved 15 December 2016, from

Art Cinema

*Film Studies*

First of what is art cinema it can be defined as explicitly against the classical narrative mode, especially against the cause-effect linkage of events.(Bordwell, 1981)

In order to see these types of film you must understand where to see them as you wouldn’t really see any of these movies at main cinemas, more likely show in small indie theatres where film festivals are typically held.

One of the films i saw a sniped of is  “Breathless 2”

In the clip it shows how a women is framed from the back of her head talking. To audience not fully thinking nor understand art cinema would take this as lazy, boring but it was construed like this on purpose for audiences.  David_Bordwell_and_a_chart

One film scholar who excels in the genre of “art Cinema:” is David Bordwell as he used his own distinct conventions. A four ways he incorporates  his own art cinema into his films are; ambiguity, lack of omniscient narrative, depictions of the world drawn from a variety of viewpoints and unsolved endings.(Gierse, 2004)



A recent film i have discovered was the 1948 film ” The Red Shoes” directed by Michael Powell. This British film is classified as apart of this art films and is reviewed to be one of the best film all time by Martin Scorsese and Brian De Palma.

 For example;

“The cinematographer Jack Cardiff wrote about how he manipulated camera speed to make the dancers seem to linger
at the tops of their jumps; the art direction won an Oscar”(Ebert, 2005)



Bordwell, d. (1981). The art cinema as a mode of film practice. Retrieved 24 August 2016, from

Ebert, R. (2005). The Red Shoes Movie Review & Film Summary (1948) | Roger Ebert. Retrieved 22 August 2016, from

Gierse, M. (2004). le gierse on Bordwell. Retrieved 24 August 2016, from

Time to Evolve Technology

*Film Studies*

In the film industry its constantly evolving and improving throughout generations to keep up with todays societies needs.  The progression in cameras, sound recording, editing, special effects all have made massive progression over time. It started with the iconic film by the Lumiere Brothers with the iconic “Arrival of a train”  (1895)

As you can see in the clip above compared to today it doesn’t seem like much other than just a train arriving but back then it was a massive improvement in the industry.  It is quoted that “filmmaking technology evolved with the Lumiere Brothers’ Cinématographe which freed filmmakers from the confines of the studio and allowed for on location shooting (Thompson & Bordwell 8-9).”  But it didnt exactly lead straight away to better clips.(Piccirillo, 2011)

Despite all the progression in film you still think has it eroded the craft of filmmaking by constant produce of spectacles rather than a solid narrative.

An example when it improved for the better is how in the film ” Oz the Great and powerful.” The film uses simple yet effective cgi when creating the feeling of wonder when the Wizard wasn’t even close to achieving  his end goal. ozgreatandpowerful-firstlook3-tsr4

A quote states;

“I cannot think of a single movie I have loved based solely on its CGI work. Along those lines, I have never experienced such bad CGI that I was completely turned off from a film either. This leads me to believe that CGI and special effects are truly neutral by nature;”(Wantuch, 2013)


Mr Wantuch point of view on special effect/ cgi very accurate and can go both ways. If you have a look at movies screening at the cinema right now you have  movies such as ” The Shallows” which uses some simple CGI but is mostly based on the story line rather than all the effects. However, movies such as ” Suicide Squad” is highly depended on Special effects along with “Sausage Party” which is an animated film and “Ghostbuster” which uses high amounts of effects for the ghost effects.


These four films is some of the most popular films out at the moment and all use lots of CGI. After looking through the current films i believe the film making isn’t corrupted but have improved to make more believable films rather than watching a film such as “Robocop” where you are draw out from the film as all the special effects are so bad.


Piccirillo, R. (2011). The Technological Evolution of Filmmaking and its Relation to Quality in Cinema. Student Pulse, 3(08). Retrieved from

Wantuch, T. (2013). Can Bad Visual Effects Ruin a Film Like ‘Oz the Great and Powerful’? Retrieved 23 August 2016, from


City of God / Film Form

*film studies *

One of the activities discussed was about the clip of “City of God”

In the orientation of the scene it began with a montage of clips. Quick flashes of knifes being sharpen, close up of chicken feet, then leading onto cutting up chicken and cooking them. I found the opening shots very interesting as all these close up quick shots gave audiences enough information to be intrigued but not too much to get bored. It then lead onto a tracking shot of one chicken which got away. They used this opening montage as like the metaphor for the next scene where the boy is faced with a group of kids and if he stays he will be dead or he can run away and be a chicken. By having cross cuts of the boy and the chicken it gave audiences like my self the clear understanding of the relationship



In the blog i was reading which was about different types of film form i was intrigued in the topic of editing, he describe it as;

“Editing may be thought of as the coordination of one shot with the next” (2001, p 249. )

One thing which stood out for myself was when they spoke about rhythmic editing. This is defined as how fast or slow the cuts are occurring causing a rhythm which establishes mood, atmosphere or character.

As you see in the pictures below it originates with a women face but matches up with the next shot as it follows the same type of shape pattern.

Screen Shot 2016-06-20 at 11.51.39 pm.png

Another example of this editing technique is in Hitchcock movie ‘Psycho’ in his famous shower scene. He transition from a Close up shot of Miss Kranes eye then slowly transformed into water running down the drain. This worked extreme well as they both have a circle shape and in my point of view it shows how Miss Kranes life is being washed down the drain. Therefore, this technique adds deeper meaning rather than using  a simple cut from eye to drain which would have the same visual effect.




Social Media & Your Career

Social Media, How can i use it it advantage my career? Good Question, In my industry of film maker one of the biggest parts of making a film is knowing how market it. This involves a huge involvement from social media from sharing it around, advertisement and networking with fellow filmmakers on social media to check it out.

Another Main key to is to make an active social profile which means having a professional Media accounts such as, Vimeo, Youtube, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, along with an active posting blog. It is a good way to network with other like minded people in your field and ask questions and get help from others like yourself.

A quote i found which relates to this topic is by;

Sean Gardner (@2morrowknight) Social media is not just an activity; it is an investment of valuable time and resources. Surround yourself with people who not just support you and stay with you, but inform your thinking about ways to WOW your online presence”

I related to this as i saw it like he explains your social media account  isn’t just writing it should be your art work master piece which you spend valuable time to perfecting.

These sites are a platform to connect with you fan base along with build it.  Fans want to show you that they love your work and need to connect. By constantly replying to fans comments showing that you care for their input to constantly gain your status.

One of the post on the blog was an image with business objectives and says to pick three. My top three would be Networking, Feedback and Marketing. But how do we achieve this?? When reading a blog about this topic it asked What will you post and how will you monitor and measure your results? I had a think and believe i would post updates on how my work is going to gradual gain support on up in coming films, announcing some events i’m going to like film festivals, movie premieres etc, along with sharing blogs/ other film makers i’m interesting in to spread my interests. Now the second part of that question is tough but when first starting out id measure the amount of likes / comments i receive on these posts.


Yvette Adams, The Creative Collective


The blog outlined some key tips to having a professional page by having your name as your usernames and nothing silly like HannahMlover98. This only shows employers how immature and unprofessional you are. Doing some research a few tips would be;

  1. Chosen the right platform for your field (eg for film Vimeo, twitter)
  2. Profile pictures, have a professional picture not just a selfie. (Because first impressions count)dos-donts

3. Struggling to post something, why not share someone else work cause lots of the time if you scratch their back they will scratch yours.


If i was to choose a fellow film maker to share i would share a youtube channel called Joey Graceffa. On  Youtube he has recently started a online series called ” Escape the night.” After previous watching his channel along with seeing this new series i would recommend fellow film makers to have a look at what type of online series you could make and how popular it can become. The first episode currently has over 5.5 million views and was only posted on  JUNE 22,2016.  He would of achieve this by fellow filmmaker like myself and many other sharing it around along with a huge social media advertising.


Overall, reading through the blog along with other research i came to the conclusion that it is important tool to use social media to your advantage and don’t ruin yourself before you start by having a un-professional site, along with not having any sites at all. By using business strategies to promote, network and learn will slowly improve my fanbase.


11 Ways to Use Social Media to Advance Your Career. (2015). Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from

50 Inspiring Quotes from 50 Top Social Media Power Influencers. (2016). Retrieved 8 July 2016, from

AC Online: College Student Guide to Professional Social Profiles. (2016) Retrieved 8 July 2016, from

Graceffa, J. (2016). An Invitation – Escape the Night. YouTube. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from

Things you should not do on your social media business account. – Digital media platforms. (2016). Digital media platforms. Retrieved 8 July 2016, from

Inclusive Design

An issue in todays society is equality. A recent blog i read talked about inclusive design and the issues within creative media. Inclusive design could be explained as where you create something for a particular audience which doesn’t appeal to a broad market. two of the major factors of not supplying for all audiences is disabilities, gender and sexuality.

Within film most films have a alternative option for hearing impaired such as closed caption with not only speech but in caption important sound elements like a gunshot or door opening etc. This is extremely important that all films should have this options but what about vision impaired. How in film can we accommodate for them when the most vital element is the visual.

Another issue within the film industry is equality for women.  A test was created by American cartoonist Alison Bechdel called Bechdel Test. This test involves you to look at a film and if the film doesn’t contain;

  1. It has to have at least two (named) women in it
  2. Who talk to each other
  3. About something besides a man



After taking some research into this subject i found a demographic on characteristics on women that

“Only 12% of all clearly identifiable protagonists were female in 2014. This represents a decrease of 3 percentage points from 2013 and a decrease of 4 percentage points from 2002. In 2014, 75% of protagonists were male, and 13% were male/female ensembles. For the purposes of this study, protagonists are the characters from whose perspective the story is told.”

These facts are shocking, this shows how bad women are treated in comparison to men.I simply do not understand why after so many years in the progression of women’s rights that these facts haven’t improved more. Even when women might have a high powering female role/job a male is often dominated or have to save the day.



A quote from Kathryn Bigelow on the ACLU calling for an investigation into gender discrimination in Hollywood stated;

“I have always firmly believed that every director should be judged solely by their work, and not by their work
based on their gender. Hollywood is supposedly a community of forward-thinking and progressive people, yet this horrific situation for women directors persists. Gender discrimination stigmatizes our entire industry. Change is essential. Gender neutral hiring is essential.”





Secret Interview

Imagine this your sitting down across from a well known company executive and he asks you do you mind him asking you some questions. He asks you ” If you were a part in a car, which part would you be and why?” What would you say? Id say id like to be the steering wheel why?  Because i would like to take control and be a leader along with the help of the other parts to get me there.


After reading the blog that question really stood out for me because if you were a interviewer it would be the type of question to see what type of person they are without a stereotypical question allowing the person to think out of the box. After reading the blog i established that in an interview the key is to be different, to stand out and be confident. Because on average the time spent by recruitment managers for analyzing a resume is: 5 to 7 seconds. The fact is you could have an outstanding portfolio if you are not punctual , a team player and positive person you are most likely not going to get the job you are chasing.

Another question which stood out for me was “What would i find in your refrigerator right now? “. If i had to answer this question to an employer i wouldn’t be impress as all i have is a few basics, alcohol and some leftovers. This would show the employer your habits, type of personality and lifestyle which isn’t very good based on my fridge. 


After being intrigued from the tips the blog said i searched for more. One was that 91%of employers search your social media for any red flags(“Forbes Welcome”, 2016). This means that its important to post a professional online footprint and not posting any profanity which could effect your chances.  A fun fact i discovered after researching is that “When you put a photo on a resume the chances of getting discarded are up to 88%.”  I found this rather interesting as you would think that would make you stand out and interviewer could see straight away what type of person you are however it isn’t the case. When-to-hire-or-not-to-hire-Social-Media-Consultant-for-your-business1.jpg

The blog made me think alot after answering all the questions. It shows how important answering the questions are and how it shows what type of person you are. So, if i was put into this scenario now i feel prepared from all the secret questions.



(2016). Retrieved 24 June 2016, from

Forbes Welcome. (2016). Retrieved 24 June 2016, from


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