Kayla Bone

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Blog 5

Blog 05 Vox Pop Class Workshop

Debrief on the Class workshop on Vox Pops.
– What was the vox pop interview process like for you – as interviewer?
– Reflect on the process of developing the questions and lessons learnt. Did the questions work to gain responses (grabs)?
– Do you believe you have overcome fears (as an interviewer) by taking part in this exercise?
– What would you do differently next times (interview technique/camera/choices made)?
– What lesson(s) can you apply to your Major Documentary Production?

Blog 4

This week’s blog topic: Interview Techniques

Debrief on the Class workshop conducted by Jodie Taylor.
– What was the interview process like for you – as interviewer? Reflect on the nature of the question and lessons learnt.
– What was the interview process like for you – as interviewee? Reflect on the nature of the question and lessons learnt.
– How was the dynamic different for you in each of the differing roles?
– How did you fill in the remainder of the time (describe the dynamics)?
– Do you believe you have overcome fears (as an interviewer) by taking part in this exercise?
– What lesson(s) can you apply to your Vox Pop Exercise next week?

Blog 3

Blog Post 03 – Modality – Due Week 5 (Monday 09:00am – 06/03/2017) – 500 Word minimum

Speak to your Major Documentary project pitch – based on feedback from your Preliminary Pitch.

– What is your proposed modality for your Major Documentary pitch?
– Define this modality and provide examples relevant to your style.
– How does your project achieve this modality? (If you are proposing a mixture of modalities, all will need to be defined and examples given for each in context).
– Use additional Academic and/or Documentary Production texts as direct References to go above Baseline.

Blog 2

Blog Post 02 – Errol Morris

Speak to the documentary: Standard Operating Procedure (Morris, 2008)
– What is Errol Morris’ Directorial Style?
– How does he achieve this style?
– How does Errol Morris approach ‘truth’ in his work?
– How is his concept of ‘truth’ reflected in his Directorial Style?
– How is his concept of ‘truth’ reflected through his of documentary topics for his feature length projects?
– A few references to get you on track. You’ll need additional references to go above Baseline:

And for those who haven’t seen it: The Thin Blue Line (Morris, 1988)



What is documentary you may ask? After researching into this topic i have constructed what i believe documentary is for myself. In order to form an educated opinion watching “Capturing Reality; The Art of Documentary.” The film explores the creative process with 33 leading documentary filmmakers  involved to explain their take on documentary combined with interviews and extracts from over 50 different films.

Within the film it spoke to the filmmakers asking there definition of documentary. A couple of them stood out to me influencing me to form my opinion such as firstly, Jennifer Fox who is an american producer and director in films such as; An American Love Story and Flying; Confessions of a free Woman. She explained it as its about  the joy of letting something effect you and respond, weather its with your camera or yourself as a person if your the interviewer, its like relating in a space like dancing.

Her alliteration to dancing is how i found i related to her explanation. As just like when dancing you have to feel the space its like having the camera and feeling the story letting you respond through the lens.

The second filmmaker which quote stood out was Errol Morris who is an american director and is best know for he’s work on “The Thin Blue Line.”

he spoke about that the parts he likes of documentary is that it can be anything. However the parts he doesn’t like is that being constantly being told that it only has to be one thing rather than a whole multi of possible things. This point he brought up stood out to me because if you look into documentary it can be a wide variety of things from fiction to non fiction and crosses from all genres.

Moving passed from the movie the idea of documentary to be defined as something which can be created as anything and that you need to be able to feel the emotion and show the respondence.


An example of an filmmaker which shows similar views is Stephen Fry in his documentary which explores the disease of manic depression. This shows real emotions and captures the reactions of their emotion journey (Fry,2008). If you look into this filmmakers career he has worked on a wide variety of production and has an Television series called ‘Out there’ which  is an documentary about homophobia. This is completely on a different scale compared to first documentary showing how you can create it on anything.


From the book ‘Introduction to Documentary’ written by Bill Nichols  it talks about how documentary now has become ” the flagship of cinema of social engagement an distinctive vision” and now can be outputted onto various platforms on the internet to sites like youtube and Facebook (Nichols, 2010)  Along with supporting the idea of being anything it also backs up the ideas when he talks about documentary embracing new forms and tacking out fresh topics. Both these points from the book supports the central idea of what Documentary is.


Capturing Reality: The Art of Documentary. (2008). Canada.

Capturing Reality: The Art of Documentary. (2017). National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from

Flying: Confessions of a Free Woman. (2006). United States.

Fry, S. (2008). Stephen Fry: The Secret Life of the Manic Depressive. Top Documentary Films. Retrieved 14 February 2017, from

Nichols, B. (2010). Introduction to documentary (2nd ed., pp. 3-4). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

The Thin Blue Line. (1988). United States.

ABC- United Brothers


a) What was the most difficult part in the creative process and why? 

The hardest part in creative process was firstly the change of team mates and having to take charge with the project. Many parts of the process was hard starting of was thinking of an idea based on the topic of blood starting  with the letter “U.” After we moved passed that issue another arise when filming as we expected it to be dark from a expected time we had to push the time back and as the lighting plan was with the night we couldn’t beginning setting up.However before this we found it difficult to find actors and once we got one he dropped out as he got sick. So last minute had to scout for actors however moved passed this by having to use friends instead of actors. Last part which i found difficult was two things as the setting was at night we didn’t want to use such bright lights. This resulting in when it came to editing it was too dark and had to raise the brightness, However this resulted in it being graining and not as clear. By not having clear picture it draws away from what is shown on screen as you cant see all the details shot. This was by far the biggest struggle in the project but have now learnt from this mistake. Which is it is easier to darken rather than raise the light i will follow this tip on with me so i don’t repeat my mistakes.


b) What is the relationship between your initial vision and the final production? 

First thought for this abc project after receiving the letter “U” was uterus which would of gone down comedy film path but changed as we wanted to do something more dramatic. We changed to the word ” United” and came up by the theme of blood brothers as they are united by there blood. The story started with ideas of a society  type thing leading onto a cult but stopped with just being really close mates from a young age and once one was injured the fellow brother cut his hand to be in the same pain as he now blood brother. So the plan for the film was to show cut of two brothers leaving a house and one tripping over and as the other brother leads he turns around to see his brother on the floor and has to face wether he risk getting caught from the cops or save his brother it was suppose to cut to a flash back of two kids and one falling over and the other hurting himself as well so they can both be in pain and shake on there blood. This then cuts to him saving him as he a blood brother and will go back to get him. But as we had kid issues and weren’t able to find anyone to act we had to cut this part out of the film and work with the story. In the end it turned out okay but have changed lots along the way some for good but some not so good.

c) Critically analyse the strengths and weaknesses of your concept (200 words)

This film defiantly has its pros and cons as we had ups and down and the weakness do over weight. Looking into the concept side first. Firstly, the theme of the abc was blood and do agree blood brothers is a bit of stretch from the idea as you don’t exactly see any blood so thats the first issue from the start. Next was the idea of having blood brothers and why and how the two connect. Yes there is a backstory but isn’t exactly displayed strong on screen of the connect until the line ” Never leave a blood brother behind”. There is small positive which show this along the way like the fist pump before going in, the head nod and how close the two are in the shots. After the line its clear as he comes back helps him and and leaves but do believe that it is a strengths in some points but weak in other points. The idea is a good concept if i could of executed with the children and re worked and tweak some parts.  The strength of this film was i believe the idea was different than lots of people as it didn’t have physical blood but didn’t turn out to my vision originally planned .

d) Critically analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the execution of your project (200 words).

Now moving on from the concept to the execution of the project. I believe this is the biggest weakness. First point is lighting as were both new to lighting and as it was outside we were limited to only portable ones. On the screen we didn’t want it to look to forced as it was suppose to be a night scene. As we didn’t hire a swit monitor the little screen didn’t show true quality. This turned into a issue when later we didn’t realize how dark all the footage was and had to raise the brightness causing lot of grain and noise. Without doing this we would of seen basically a black screen. By doing this is distracts and downgrade the quality of the production as one it looks student like and cant see the details. Moving passed this the camera angles could of been more variety with possible steady cam shots and inclusion of more tracking shots if re- done. Last point which i believe could of been executed better is the edit, as i am not as experienced in editing with more practice i believe that it could help the overall film if cut effectively. If re edited i would include security camera colour grade along with the inclusion of timers and dates in the corners etc.

Here is the link to the clip;

What Makes A Great Pitch?

What makes a successful film?

Some essential things for each pitch are;

Marilyn Horowitz says 3 tricks, first is when telling your story  tell your “hook” first. As if you don’t hook an audience in first they wont stay to listen to the rest of the pitch no matter how good it is.

Second tmarilyn-horowitzip, Have more than one pitch ready. By having options if a producers doesn’t like your first story you have a back up along with they will commend that you aren’t a “one trick ponies.”

Last tip he explains was be yourself when pitching as if your acting like a crazy car salesmen talking 100 miles per hour they wont be able to follow or see your passion for the story.

After looking into this further i found few other essential things need to be included.

One you need to have a clear target audience for who you are writing for along with how you plan on marketing it such as advertising.This leads me on to my second point of how do you plan on advertising it to make it stand out from the competitions. As so many people will have similar stories but what element do you plan on highlighting to sell it to audiences. Third point is making sure you have a good team in place to get you to your goals, this is because if you have a team who is passionate and dedicated you are more likely  yo reach set goals and milestones. Fourth, to ensure your hook is good to draw them in within 10-30 seconds have a good actor, producer or director which would get them on board.

Screen Shot 2016-12-16 at 1.51.55 pm.png

In class when doing pitches for our short film i believe the most successful pitch was ‘Scatter Memories’ by Mauren. I think the reason why her pitch turned out successful is the high quality execution when presenting. Looking further into this to break down why she started off with a clear idea from the beginning with passion to make it. She followed lots of the tips and tricks for instance; when presenting she remanded calm and focused allowing audience members to stay intrigued. Secondly she already had thought into little details such as photos which would be shown in the film, a draft script ready made which if anyone was interested could look into. another element she had was how she was marking it she had rough idea of posters, along with the story being very different from competitor pitching stories as most peoples were modern comedies hers was a era drama piece.  As a visual element her powerpoint maintain a good simplistic theme and had photos which makes audience be able to have a clear vision of what she wants to pitch. Her template was mostly a picture on the side and information on the left. Along with when explaining each point of set, props, costuming etc she had detailed moodboards of what she already has or what she plans on buying. Last point is she had a catchy one line pitch ” A young woman discovers her grandmother’s Past.” (Maureen Legara)  This is yet another essential element for a good pitch which she had contained within her presentation to get audience to hop on board with her film.

Screen Shot 2016-12-16 at 2.09.04 pm.png

Moving onto my pitch. I pitch a story called Scarbull which is ” When the weak cry’s for help, Alexander protects them.” The story discussed about a girl who got into a coma and has a second chance to live so helps the bullied out as she was scared from her passed. However overall my pitch fell flat. It did have a few positives but the negatives tipped the scale. Diving into the negatives first is the visual element my slide show was pretty basic with picture but nothing original , along with the colour scheme was red and orange cause of blood but however was very visually appearing. Another little issue was my story had a few flaws which needed to be ironed out along with no script pre written. Moving onto more positives i had a good one-line with some story points which would be successful if i re-worked them. elements which i had from the tricks i spoke before was one being myself i believe we spoke calm and focus along with a relative good title and one line to draw audiences in.


Horowitz, M. (2016). 3 Secrets of Pitching Your Screenplay. Retrieved 15 December 2016, from

parsons, n. (2016). 7 Keys to a Great Pitch. Script Magazine. Retrieved 15 December 2016, from

Schultz, B. (2016). The Elevator Pitch Part 1 | ScriptFest. Retrieved 15 December 2016, from

Art Cinema

*Film Studies*

First of what is art cinema it can be defined as explicitly against the classical narrative mode, especially against the cause-effect linkage of events.(Bordwell, 1981)

In order to see these types of film you must understand where to see them as you wouldn’t really see any of these movies at main cinemas, more likely show in small indie theatres where film festivals are typically held.

One of the films i saw a sniped of is  “Breathless 2”

In the clip it shows how a women is framed from the back of her head talking. To audience not fully thinking nor understand art cinema would take this as lazy, boring but it was construed like this on purpose for audiences.  David_Bordwell_and_a_chart

One film scholar who excels in the genre of “art Cinema:” is David Bordwell as he used his own distinct conventions. A four ways he incorporates  his own art cinema into his films are; ambiguity, lack of omniscient narrative, depictions of the world drawn from a variety of viewpoints and unsolved endings.(Gierse, 2004)



A recent film i have discovered was the 1948 film ” The Red Shoes” directed by Michael Powell. This British film is classified as apart of this art films and is reviewed to be one of the best film all time by Martin Scorsese and Brian De Palma.

 For example;

“The cinematographer Jack Cardiff wrote about how he manipulated camera speed to make the dancers seem to linger
at the tops of their jumps; the art direction won an Oscar”(Ebert, 2005)



Bordwell, d. (1981). The art cinema as a mode of film practice. Retrieved 24 August 2016, from

Ebert, R. (2005). The Red Shoes Movie Review & Film Summary (1948) | Roger Ebert. Retrieved 22 August 2016, from

Gierse, M. (2004). le gierse on Bordwell. Retrieved 24 August 2016, from

Time to Evolve Technology

*Film Studies*

In the film industry its constantly evolving and improving throughout generations to keep up with todays societies needs.  The progression in cameras, sound recording, editing, special effects all have made massive progression over time. It started with the iconic film by the Lumiere Brothers with the iconic “Arrival of a train”  (1895)

As you can see in the clip above compared to today it doesn’t seem like much other than just a train arriving but back then it was a massive improvement in the industry.  It is quoted that “filmmaking technology evolved with the Lumiere Brothers’ Cinématographe which freed filmmakers from the confines of the studio and allowed for on location shooting (Thompson & Bordwell 8-9).”  But it didnt exactly lead straight away to better clips.(Piccirillo, 2011)

Despite all the progression in film you still think has it eroded the craft of filmmaking by constant produce of spectacles rather than a solid narrative.

An example when it improved for the better is how in the film ” Oz the Great and powerful.” The film uses simple yet effective cgi when creating the feeling of wonder when the Wizard wasn’t even close to achieving  his end goal. ozgreatandpowerful-firstlook3-tsr4

A quote states;

“I cannot think of a single movie I have loved based solely on its CGI work. Along those lines, I have never experienced such bad CGI that I was completely turned off from a film either. This leads me to believe that CGI and special effects are truly neutral by nature;”(Wantuch, 2013)


Mr Wantuch point of view on special effect/ cgi very accurate and can go both ways. If you have a look at movies screening at the cinema right now you have  movies such as ” The Shallows” which uses some simple CGI but is mostly based on the story line rather than all the effects. However, movies such as ” Suicide Squad” is highly depended on Special effects along with “Sausage Party” which is an animated film and “Ghostbuster” which uses high amounts of effects for the ghost effects.


These four films is some of the most popular films out at the moment and all use lots of CGI. After looking through the current films i believe the film making isn’t corrupted but have improved to make more believable films rather than watching a film such as “Robocop” where you are draw out from the film as all the special effects are so bad.


Piccirillo, R. (2011). The Technological Evolution of Filmmaking and its Relation to Quality in Cinema. Student Pulse, 3(08). Retrieved from

Wantuch, T. (2013). Can Bad Visual Effects Ruin a Film Like ‘Oz the Great and Powerful’? Retrieved 23 August 2016, from


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